A level results in Wales

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A level and Welsh Baccalaureate results

Today is A level results day for learners in Wales, England and Northern Ireland. Each year, the Joint Council for Qualifications (JCQ – a membership organisation comprising the seven largest providers of qualifications in the UK) publish summaries of the results.  The JCQ data shows the collective results of the entries of the member awarding bodies.

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Qualifications Wales Guest Blog: Changes to GCSEs

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In this guest blog, Jo Richards, Director of Regulation with Qualifications Wales, explains the changes introduced to GCSE examinations this year and what it may mean for this August’s results.

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GCSE results day

25 August 2016

Article by Sian Hughes, National Assembly for Wales Research Service

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Photograph of examination results

Image from Flickr. Licensed under the Creative Commons.

Today students in Wales, England and Northern Ireland receive their GCSE results.  As with last week’s A level results, the Joint Council for Qualifications (JCQ – a membership organisation of the seven largest providers of qualifications in the UK) publish summaries of the results [PDF 668KB]. The JCQ data shows the collective results of the entries of the member awarding bodies.

These results are for those learners who took examinations in June 2016. Policy changes in England, have meant there are fewer learners who enter exams earlier than the Summer. While the previous Minister for Education and Skills, Huw Lewis expressed concerns about the increasing numbers of pupils taking their exams early, there has been no policy change on early entry in Wales.

Results

The data in the tables below compare results for 2015 and 2016.  This comparison is made based on the data published by JCQ on GCSE results day in 2015.  Data is provisional representing the position at the time that results are issued.  Data is subject to checking before final data at Wales, local authority and school level is published. The results published by the JCQ relate to ‘entries’ and not to ‘candidates’. So, for example, the data can show that performance has increased or declined at GCSE or within the grades. It cannot show whether more boys or girls achieve five or more grades A*-C at GCSE. The data relates to the outcome of the individual subject areas for all regardless of their age.

Comparison between 2015 and 2016

  • In Wales, male learners achieving grades A*-C has decreases by 0.5 percentage points while the percentage of females achieving grades A*-C increased by 0.3 percentage points. The percentage of all learners achieving A*-C remained the same as in 2015 and is now the same as in England;
  • The overall pass rate (A*-G) for females has increased by 0.2 percentage points. The overall pass rate has decreased for males by 0.1 percentage points. It remains the same as last year for all learners;
  • There has been an increase in the number of males achieving grade A* of 0.3 percentage points, with a slight decrease of 0.1 percentage points for females. There is an increase at this grade for all learners of 0.1 percentage points;
  • This year there have been increases for those achieving grades A*-A, 0.1 percentage points for males, 0.4 percentage points for females and 0.2 percentage points for all learners;
  • In England there have decreases at all grades. At grades A* there were decreases for males, females and all learners of 0.2 percentage points, 0.1 percentage points and 0.2 percentage points respectively);
  • At grades A*-C there were decreases for males of 2.4 percentage points, females of 2 percentage points and all learners of 2.2 percentage points.

Males and females

  • Girls continue to achieve better results than boys at all levels in Wales and England;
  • In Wales, the gap has decreased at grade A*but increased at all other grades.  In England, the gap increased at all grades.

Wales and England

Tables 1 and 2 show the percentage of entries in all subjects by grade for Wales and England for 2015 and 2016.

Comparisons between results in Wales and England should be treated with caution as increasing divergence in policy makes such comparisons difficult. (See this Welsh Government guidance note.) In addition to the change in policy in England discouraging schools from entering candidates early where they are not fully ready, there have been other changes in entry patterns in England including making it compulsory for students to retake GCSEs in Maths and English where they achieve lower than a grade C. Note also that the JCQ results only include the summer series. They do not include any early entries in the winter or re-sits and this can have a distorting effect on comparisons, particularly where more able pupils are entered early.

At grades A* and A*-A, learners in England performed better than those in Wales. However, the gap in performance has narrowed since 2015. At grades A*-C, males in England achieved better results than those in Wales (by 0.2 percentage points) but females and all learners achieved the same (71 per cent and 66.6 per cent) in Wales and England. At grades A*-G, males, females and all learners in Wales performed better than those in England (by 0.4 percentage points 0.2 percentage points and 0.3 percentage points respectively).

GCSE

Welsh Baccalaureate

The results of the Intermediate and Foundation Baccalaureate are also published today.  At Foundation Level, 92.5 per cent per cent of candidates were awarded the Core Certificate, compared with 86.7 per cent in 2015. 90.3 per cent of candidates were awarded the Diploma compared with 85 per cent last year.

At Intermediate Level, 93.8 per cent of candidates were awarded the Core Certificate compared with 89.4 per cent in 2015 and 82.6 per cent per cent of candidates were awarded the Diploma compared with 82.2 per cent in 2015.

A level and Welsh Baccalaureate results

18 August 2016

Article by Sian Hughes, National Assembly for Wales Research Service

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Storage boxes with names of awarding bodies

Today is A level results day for students in Wales, England and Northern Ireland. The Joint Council for Qualifications (JCQ – a membership organisation comprising the seven providers of qualifications in the UK) publish summaries of the results [PDF 550KB]. The JCQ data shows the collective results of the entries of the member awarding bodies.  The results published by the JCQ relate to ‘entries’ and not to ‘candidates’. So, for example, the data can show that performance has increased or declined at A level or within the grades.  It cannot show whether more boys or girls achieve two or more passes at A levels.  The data relates to the outcome of the individual subject areas for all regardless of their age.

The data in the tables below compare results for 2015 and 2016. This comparison is made based on the data published by JCQ on A level results day in 2015. Data is provisional and they represent the position at the time that results are issued.  Data are subject to checking before final data at Wales, local authority and school level is published.

Provisional A level data (entries and not candidates) was published on 18 August 2016.

Comparison between 2015 and 2016

  • In Wales and England the overall pass rate has remained the same, 97.3 per cent and 98.1 per cent respectively;
  • The percentage of entries achieving grades A*-C has decreased in Wales, by 0.5 per cent to 73.8 per cent with a small increase of 0.3 per cent in England;
  • In Wales, there has been a decrease in the percentage of entries achieving A*-A grades by 0.4 per cent to 22.7 per cent. In England there was a decrease of 0.1 per cent;
  • In Wales there was a decrease in the percentage of entries achieving grade A*of 0.7 per cent to 6.6 per cent. In England, there was a decrease of 0.2 per cent.

Male and females

  • Once again, females continue to achieve better grades than males in both Wales and England, with the exception of the percentage achieving grade A*. In Wales, at grade A* the gap between males and females has decreased from 0.9 per cent to 0.2 per cent;
  • In other grades, in Wales, the gap in achievement between males and females has increased since last year at grades A*-A, A*-C and A*-E.

Wales and England     

  • England continues to achieve better results than Wales, with the gap increasing at all grades except for grades A*-E where the gap remained the same.

Tables 1 and 2 show the percentages of entries in all subjects by grade attained for Wales and England, male and female entries and for 2015 and 2016.

ALevelTable2

Welsh Baccalaureate

Summer results for the Advanced Welsh Bac are also published today. The Welsh Baccalaureate Qualification is delivered at schools, colleges and training providers throughout Wales. The Welsh Baccalaureate Qualification (Welsh Bac) consists of two parts; ‘Options’ and a ‘Core Programme’. The ‘Options’ must be completed by students studying for all levels of the Welsh Baccalaureate Diploma, and are options selected from established, approved courses or programmes (for example GCSEs, Vocational GCSEs, AS/A Levels, Vocational A Levels).

The ‘Core Programme’ are personal development studies which students must complete along with their Options. To be awarded a Diploma, candidates must meet the requirements of both the Options and the Core. The Core was graded for the first time last year.

At Advanced level:

  • There was a percentage increase in candidates being awarded the Advanced Diploma from 87.3 per cent in 2015 to 89.8 per cent in 2016;
  • 94.4 per cent of candidates achieving the Core Certificate, compared with 92.2 per cent in 2015;

18.5 per cent achieved grade A* for the Core compared with 12.2 per cent last year.

GCSE and Welsh Baccalaureate results

20 August 2015

Article by Sian Hughes, National Assembly for Wales Research Service

Today is the day that students in Wales, England and Northern Ireland receive their GCSE results. As with A level results, the Joint Council for Qualifications (JCQ – a membership organisation comprising the seven providers of qualifications in the UK) publish summaries of the results. The JCQ data shows the collective results of the entries of the member awarding bodies.

Results

The data in the tables below compare results for 2014 and 2015. This comparison is made based on the data published by JCQ on GCSE results day in 2014. Data is provisional representing the position at the time that results are issued. Data are subject to checking before final data at national (Wales), local authority and school level is published.

Comparison between 2014 and 2015

  • In Wales, there have been decreases in the percentage of those achieving grades A*. Females decreased by 0.4 per cent, males by 0.1 per cent and all learners (6.0 per cent) by 0.2 per cent;
  • The percentage of males achieving A*-A remains the same in 2015 as for 2014. The percentage of girls achieving A*-A decreased by 0.5 per cent and the decrease for all learners was 0.2 per cent (19.2 per cent);
  • Male learners achieving grades A*-C has increased by 0.4 per cent while the percentage of females achieving grades A*-C decreased by 0.3 per cent. The percentage of all learners achieving A*-C remained the same (66.6 per cent) as in 2014;
  • The overall pass rate (A*-G) for females has remained the same as 2014. The overall pass rate has increased for males and all learners (98.7 per cent) by 0.2 per cent;
  • In England there have been increases in the percentage of all pupils (68.8 per cent), males and females who have achieved grades A*-C (by 0.2 per cent, 0.4 per cent and 0.1 per cent respectively.
  • At grades A*, results for males remained the same as last year, with decreases of 0.2 per cent for females and 0.1 per cent for all learners (6.6 per cent). There were decreases of 0.1 per cent for all learners (21.0 per cent), males and females at grades A*-A. There were increases of 0.1 per cent for all learners (98.6 per cent), females and males in the overall pass rate.

Males and females

  • Girls continue to achieve better results than boys at all levels in Wales and England;
  • However, in Wales, the gap has decreased at all levels since 2014.

Wales and England

  • At grades A*-G, males and all learners in Wales performed slightly better than those in England (by 0.2 per cent and 0.1 per cent respectively). At all other grades, England achievements were higher than Wales.

Tables 1 and 2 show the percentage of entries in all subjects by grade for Wales and England for 2014 and 2015.

Picture2

Welsh Baccalaureate

The results of the Intermediate and Foundation Baccalaureate are also published today. At Foundation Level, 86.7 per cent of candidates were awarded the Core Certificate, compared with 86.6 per cent in 2014. 85 per cent of candidates were awarded the Diploma compared with 83.3 per cent last year.

At Intermediate Level, 82.2 per cent of candidates were awarded the Core Certificate compared with 85.7 per cent in 2014 and 89.4 per cent of candidates were awarded the Diploma compared with 91.6 per cent in 2014.

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